DIMA HASAO DISTRICT
The Tribes of Dima Hasao District
The Biates :
Believed to be an
off shoot of the Lushai-Kuki-Chin group, the Biates migrated from Central China
and entered India to settle in northern part of Mizoram from where they were
pushed by later immigrants to present day Dima Hasao District in the early
During the festive days they consume liberal
quantities of Zu fsice beer while dancing and singing their traditional dances
like Buontumlam, Kolrikhelam, Rikifacholam, Partonlam, Sulribum-lam,
Thingpuilethluk-lam, Meburlam and Darlam in tune with their musical instruments
named Dar-ribu, Jamluang, Rossm, Khuang etc.
Both the boys and girls wear their traditional
dresses and ornaments during performance of these dances. The girls put a
decorated cane ring as a head gear and drape their favourite Jakua, Choipuan,
Puanbomzia etc. The boys wear Lukom Jakua, Diarkai etc. The girls ornaments
include Rithai, Kuarbet, Bangun, Ritai etc.
On the first day of broadcasting seeds in their
jhum fields, the Biate women perform Meburlam dance to please ‘Nbupathien’,
their god for crops and bounty. They dance with bamboo tubes in their hands and
touch each other’s in a rhythmic way.
After they return from the fields the women
sometimes gather in a courtyard and dance dance Rikifachoilam, imitating the
wild parrots pecking grains from
their jhum fields.
In winter, almost all Biate women go to a nearby
stream or riverlet and dance Tuipuilen thluk in praise of the legendary
mermaids. They break their bodies like waves in a ocean in tune with the
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