DIMA HASAO DISTRICT
The Tribes of Dima Hasao District
The Hrongkhols :
Differently described by the ethenographes as Hrangkawal, Rongkhol or
Hrongkhol, this tiny group of people of the great Kuki tribe is scatteredly
thriving in the Dima Hasao District. Mainly agriculturists, they practice jhum
cultivation and build their houses on wooden slit and use bamboo profusely for
the floor as well as the walls and thatch for the roofs.
use puans dyed in black and relish smoking from tiny but elaborate smoking pipes
like those used by the Mizos of the southern districts.
The Hrangkhols observe the harvest festival called
Rual-Chapak and invite the spring season through Parangat festival.
‘Parangat’ means flower. When the spring comes,
flowers bloom everywhere. The
Hrangkhols observe Parangat on a full moon day. The festval begins in the
vening and continues till next morning. Except the main entry to the village,
all other paths are closed for the day. The youngmen collect wild flowers from
the nearby forest and offer them to the oldest man of the village in adecorated
busket. And thereafter they greet each other and welcome the advent of spring.
They sing and dance the whole night with drinking bouts of rice-beer in the
Like other hill tribes, fish is a symbol of
prosperity to the Hrangkhol. They imitate community fishing in their
Soksolkirlam dance. It is a rhythmic expression of their prayer for health and
The Hrangkhols present a special dance ‘Bhailam’ to
welcome honourable persons into the village. The male dancers wear Churia,
Kamis, Lukom, Changkaltak and the female participants wear Ponbomtak, Ponamnei,
Kongkhit, Thepbop etc. They use cornaments called Jakcher, Chumhrui, Lirthei
In these festivals the performance of songs and
dance are the main attractive items.
They participate in their folk dances known as Darlam, Doinkini,
Rochemiam and Soksollam. They play on their traditional musical instruments like
Dar, Cheranda, Rochem, Theile etc.
THIS WEBSITE HAS BEEN DESIGNED & DEVELOPED BY N.I.C., DIMA HASAO DISTRICT UNIT ON BEHALF OF DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION, DIMA HASAO, ASSAM