DIMA HASAO DISTRICT
The Tribes of Dima Hasao District
The Kukis: The Kuki is a generic term for a number of mixed
group of people who have migrated into India through Burma from central Asia. In
Burma they are called Chin & in Indian frontier states they are best
identified as Kukis.
Baite or Biete, 2. Changsan, 3. Chongloi, 4.Doungel 5.Gamlhou 6. Gangte
7. Guite 8. Hangsing 9. Haokip or Haupit. 10.Haolai 11.Hengna 12. Hangsing
13.Hrangkhawl or Rongkhol 14. Jongbe 15. Khawchung 16. Khwathlang 17. Khelma 18.
Kholhou 19. Kipgen 20. Kuki 21. Lienthang 22.Lhangunm 23. Lhoujem 24. Lhouvum
25. Lupheng 26. Mangjol 27. Misao 28. Riang 29. Sairhem 30. Selnam 31. Singson
32. Sitlhou 33. Sukte 34. Thado 35. Thangew 36. Uibuh 37. Vaiphei
Being of mongoloid stock the Kukis are strongly built in features and are stout. They are patriarchal in social organization and the sons inherit the property. Marriage among the Kukis are monogamous and cross-cousin marriage is preferred.
The Kukis prefer to live on the hill tops and their
villages are cluster of houses closely constructed to protect from alien
raiders. The village headman wields considerable power in their day-to-day life
affairs. The headman is assisted by some wise man called Siemang and Pachong
& all house-hold heads of the village congregate to discuss & resolve
matters relating to the village & the community. Though Christianity has
brought considerable changes in their socio-economic life, yet the Kukis still
adhere to much of their old customs, laws and habits which their illustrious
forefathers adopted from time immemorial.
The women adorn themselves with a nih-san( red
slip) underneath a pon've(a wrap around) which was worn from above the chest.
The ornaments included bilba( earings), hah-le-chao(bracelets & bangles),
khi(necklace) & occassionaly bilkam ( a type of ring shaped earing to
stretch the ear lobe . They split their tresses into two and wrap them over
their heads into fine knots.
Both men and women enjoy smoking from their
intricately crafted pipes named differently. Those made from stones and
brass-metal is Sumeng golong, only made from brass-metal is Sum thin golong and
those craved out of wood with a brass spout is called Gojung golong.
After the harvest is over, the Kukis observe the
Chavang kut festival at the country-yard of the village headman. They perform
traditional dances like Jongchalam, Malkanglam etc. to the tune of their
traditional musical instruments – Khuong, Dahbo, Pheipit, Gosem, Dah-pi,
Dah-cha, Pengkul, theile, theiphit,selki etc. Other festivals are Mim Kut,
Sa-ai, Chang-Ai, Hun, Chawn le Han etc.
Other festivals are Mim Kut, Sa-ai, Chang-Ai, Hun, Chawn le Han etc.
The participating families wear their traditional
dresses Sangkhol, Khamtang, Ponmonvom, saipikhup and the malefolk adorn with
Sangkhol, Delkop etc.
The harvest season is always a time for
festivities, dancing and singing. The Kukis express the farmer’s happiness in
Jongchalam by body breaks and rhythmic steps. And when the days of hard toil in
their jhum fields are over, the Kukis rejoice while dancing Malkanglam.
Sagolpheikhal is a dance to express victory in war
or in successful group hunting.
THIS WEBSITE HAS BEEN DESIGNED & DEVELOPED BY N.I.C., DIMA HASAO DISTRICT UNIT ON BEHALF OF DISTRICT ADMINISTRATION, DIMA HASAO, ASSAM